March 02, 2023 1 Comment
Starting a flower garden from seed is fun and exciting! There is always something new to learn and discover when it comes to sowing flower seeds. In all that we do here on the farm, seed starting is the most magical and to boot - a high valued skill to have. In this blog post, we will guide you step by step through the process of sowing flower seeds and provide helpful tips for troubleshooting common problems.
Step 1: Choose the Right Seeds
Consider factors such as the size and habit of the flowers you are interested in growing and the time of year they will bloom. Refer to our blog post on How To Plan for Seed Starting Indoors to walk you through this initial step.
Step 2: Choose a Container
For a home gardener, a 32 celled tray is the best size for starting flowers. These trays are small enough to fit easily on a windowsill, but large enough to provide enough space for your seeds to grow and develop a nice rootball. For a very serious gardener or grower, consider starting seeds in a 72 celled tray or higher. To help you decide what works best for your growing space and conditions, check out Mastering the Art of Transplanting Flower Seedlings where we walk you through container sizing and space efficiencies. Download our container sizing guide here.
Step 3: Fill Your Container with Soil
Fill your containers with a good quality seed starting soil. This soil should be light and airy, allowing your seeds to easily germinate and grow. Make sure you gently pack the soil down, leaving a small indentation in the center of each cell where you will place your seeds. The soil does not need to be watered at this point.
Step 4: Sow Your Seeds
Now it's time to sow your seeds! Simply place one or two seeds in the center of each cell, covering them with a light layer of soil. Oftentimes, we sow 2-3 seeds per cell. This guarantees something will sprout and we can always go back and pinch out the weaker plants. Make sure you label the type of flower you are growing, so you can keep track of which seeds are which.
Pro tip! Instead of sprinkling a light layer of soil over your seeds, supplement with vermiculite. Vermiculite is a naturally occurring mineral that takes the form of shiny flakes. It is used to improve soil quality and give seedlings a helping hand. It’s naturally antimicrobial and will help to keep your seeds moist. If you have trouble with a green layer forming on top of your seeds, try using vermiculite.
Step 5: Water Your Seeds
Water your seeds gently, being careful not to disturb the soil. The best way to do this is by bottom watering. Make sure you water your seeds until the soil is evenly moist, but not soaking wet. Filling the tray that will hold the water so that there is a water line a third of the way up your tray. Then cover with a humidity dome or clear wrap — this ensures the seeds stay in a humid environment. You should not have to water again until you take your clear covering off. Take off the covering when 80% or more of your seedlings have sprouted.
Step 6: Place Your Container in a Warm Location
Place your seedlings in direct sunlight at a windowsill or under grow lights. The added benefit of bottom heat from a heat mat will improve your germination rate and uniformity. Not necessary but it will improve results. The room should be between 70-75°F or set your heat mat thermostat to 70F for most annual flowers. This will help your seeds germinate quickly and grow strong and healthy. Refer to our Bulletproof Seed Starting Station for inspiration and guidance.
Step 7: Monitor Your Seeds
Check your seeds daily, making sure the soil remains moist but not soaking wet. If water is pooled at the bottom of your tray, that’s too much and drain it out. A layer of condensation should always be on the inside of your humidity dome or clear wrap. If you do not see condensation, they are too dry and you need to water.
Starting a flower garden from seed can be a fun and rewarding experience, but it does require patience, attention to detail, and a bit of know-how. By following the steps outlined in this blog post, you can be sure that your seedlings will have the best possible start in life, and will grow into strong and healthy flowers that will bring beauty and joy to your garden for years to come.
Don't forget to check out our previous blog posts on indoor seed starting for even more information on starting a cut flower garden.
Unable to post at this time.
February 20, 2024 2 Comments
I had to take a moment to sit down and reflect on what has been an absolutely magical Valentine's Day here on the farm. Last week holds a special place in my heart as we celebrate not just love, but also growth, resilience, and the power of community.
February 05, 2024
January 18, 2024 2 Comments